Keeping Children Safe Online

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How to ward off online abusers and groomers

The digital world offers countless opportunities for children to learn, connect, and grow. However, it also harbours hidden dangers lurking beneath the surface. As parents, it is our responsibility to protect our children from the dark underbelly of the internet.

Are you prepared for keeping children safe online and how to ward off online abusers and groomers? This blog post will arm you with the knowledge and tools to safeguard your child in the virtual realm.

Key takeaways – Keeping children safe online

  • Understanding online grooming tactics and the role of social media to safeguard children from exploitation.

  • Understanding online safety, identify warning signs such as behavioural changes, secrecy, isolation and unusual online activity.
  • Utilise parental control software, create a supportive environment with open communication and take advantage of available resources to keep children safe online

Understanding online grooming

A girl on a window ledge looking at her smart phone in deep thought

Online grooming is a sinister phenomenon that preys on the innocence of children. Groomers manipulate and coerce young people into sharing sexual images or engaging in sexual activities, often exploiting vulnerabilities and using social media platforms to their advantage.

By understanding the tactics groomers employ and the role of social media in online grooming, we can better prepare ourselves and our children to navigate the online world safely.

Definition of Online Grooming

Online grooming refers to the process of building an emotional connection with a child to gain their trust for the purposes of sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, or trafficking. It is a devious and deceptive practice that targets minors, luring them into a false sense of security while gradually manipulating them for the groomer’s sinister intentions.

Groomers often use social media, chat rooms, and other online platforms to contact and interact with children. They may use flattery, gifts, and promises of attention and affection to gain the child’s trust and convince them to engage in activities.

Methods used by groomers

Groomers employ a myriad of tactics to entangle their unsuspecting victims. They may present themselves as friendly, likable individuals with similar interests as the child, using flattery and manipulation to gain trust. Social media platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, and Snapchat are common hunting grounds for groomers, providing them with a plethora of potential targets.

Through various strategies ranging from showering their victims with compliments to coercive tactics like threats and blackmail, groomers establish control over their victims, often leading to devastating consequences.

The role of social media platforms

Social media platforms play a significant role in online grooming, serving as a tool for groomers to identify individuals who may be more susceptible to influence and exploitation. These platforms facilitate the process of identifying and targeting vulnerable children, making it easier for groomers to initiate contact and manipulate their victims.

As parents, it is crucial to be aware of the risks associated with social media and take necessary precautions to ensure our children’s online safety.

Identifying the warning signs

A distressed girl sitting on the floor at school by a series of lockers
Spotting the tell tale signs in your child’s behaviour is essential

Detecting the warning signs of online grooming is vital to protect our children from potential harm. Changes in behaviour, isolation, secrecy, hiding online activity, and sudden mood changes may indicate that a child is being groomed online. By staying vigilant to these warning signs, parents can intervene and take appropriate action before it is too late.

Behavioural changes

Behavioural changes indicative of online grooming may include increased time spent online, secrecy surrounding online activities, receipt of gifts or compliments from someone online, and withdrawal from family and friends.

Children who are being groomed may also exhibit signs of anxiety, irritability, or depression. As parents, it is essential to observe any abrupt modifications in our child’s behaviour and take necessary steps to protect them from online abusers and groomers.

Secrecy and isolation

Secrecy and isolation are common tactics used by groomers to manipulate and control their victims. By isolating the child from their peers or family and requesting that the relationship be kept confidential, groomers can exploit the child without interference.

Parents should be aware of the signs of secrecy and isolation, such as isolating the child from others, attempting to acquire personal information about the child, and encouraging the child to keep their relationship a secret.

Unusual online activity

Unusual online activity is a potential red flag for online grooming. Signs of abnormal online activity may consist of alterations in behavior, such as increased secrecy or isolation, or changes in online activity, like spending more time online than normal or interacting with strangers.

To ensure the safety of our children online, it is important to educate them on online safety, monitor their online activities, establish boundaries and rules, and utilise privacy settings and tools.

Strategies for protecting children online

A family looking at a tablet with a health proffesional

Protecting children online requires a combination of education, monitoring, and boundary-setting. By teaching our children about online safety, keeping an eye on their activities, setting clear rules and expectations, and using privacy settings and tools, we can effectively shield them from the dangers of online grooming and abuse.

Educating children about online safety

The foundation of online safety lies in education. Engaging in online activities together, viewing online safety videos, and maintaining a composed and unbiased attitude when addressing the subject with children are effective methods for teaching them about online safety.

The more informed our children are, the better equipped they will be to navigate the digital world safely and responsibly.

Monitoring online activities

Monitoring our children’s online activities is crucial for their safety. Parental control apps, overseeing their online activities from your Wi-Fi router, and familiarising yourself with the media they are exposed to are effective methods for keeping a watchful eye on their online behaviour.

By staying informed about their online experiences, we can help guide and protect them from potential harm.

Setting boundaries and rules

Establishing boundaries and rules for our children’s online activities is essential for their safety. Clear rules and expectations, such as refraining from sharing personal information, avoiding contact with strangers, and abstaining from engaging in inappropriate activities, can help them make safer decisions online.

Involving our children in the decision-making process and being clear, firm, and consistent with the rules we set can lead to a more secure online experience for them.

Utilising privacy settings and tools

Two women and a man holding Internet signs to illistrate online privacy tools

Building trust and open communication with our children is key to preventing online grooming. As parents, we should create a supportive environment, encourage conversations about online experiences, and teach our children to report any concerns.

By fostering a trusting relationship with our children and arming them with the necessary tools to protect themselves, we can ensure their safety in the digital world.

Privacy settings on social media

A couple viewing a laptop on a desk discussing how to keep childen safe online

Privacy settings on social media platforms can play a crucial role in protecting our children online. By setting their accounts to private, limiting who can view their posts, controlling who can tag them in posts, and disabling tagging, we can shield our children from potential online predators.

It is essential to become familiar with the privacy settings for each platform and adjust them accordingly to maintain our children’s online safety.

How to manage privacy settings on social media sites

  1. Facebook
    • Privacy Settings and Tools: Here you can control who can see your future posts and review all your posts and things you’re tagged in.
    • Timeline and Tagging: You can manage who can post on your timeline, who can see what others post on your timeline, and also manage the tagging settings.
    • Blocking: If you want to restrict certain users from contacting you, you can use this setting.
    • Face Recognition: You can manage whether Facebook can recognize you in photos and videos.
    • Data settings: You can download your information, view or clear your off-Facebook activity, and view and manage your location settings.
  2. Instagram
    • Private Account: You can make your account private so only approved followers can see your content.
    • Story Controls: You can manage who can see and reply to your stories.
    • Blocked Accounts: You can block any accounts you don’t want contacting you.
    • Activity Status: You can choose to show when you were last active on Instagram.
    • Data Download: You can download a copy of your Instagram data.
  3. Twitter
    • Privacy and Safety: You can protect your tweets (only your followers can see your Tweets), control who can tag you in photos, and manage all other privacy and safety-related settings.
    • Location Information: You can choose whether to add a location to your Tweets.
    • Photo Tagging: You can control who can tag you in photos.
    • Direct Messages: You can control who can send you direct messages.
    • Discoverability and Contacts: You can let others find you by your email or phone number.
  4. LinkedIn
    • Profile Privacy: You can control who can see your profile and specific parts of your profile.
    • Blocking and Hiding: You can block or unblock other members and control who can see your connections.
    • Job Seeking: You can let recruiters know you’re open to opportunities and choose whether your current employer can see this.
    • Data Privacy and Advertising: You can control how LinkedIn uses your data and manages your ad preferences.
  5. Snapchat
    • Who Can…: You can control who can contact you, view your story, and see your location.
    • View My Story: You can choose who can view your story.
    • See Me in Quick Add: You can control whether you appear in the Quick Add section for other users.
  6. TikTok
    • Private Account: You can make your account private, meaning only users you approve can follow you and view your videos and likes.
    • Who Can Send You Comments, Duet With You, React To Your Videos, Send You Messages, View Your Liked Videos: You can set these to Everyone, Friends, or Off.
    • Allow Others to Find Me: You can control whether your account can be found as a suggestion for other users.

Remember, privacy settings can change and vary between platforms, so it’s always a good idea to regularly review your settings and the privacy policies of the platforms you use.

Parental control software

Parental control software can be a valuable tool in monitoring and restricting our children’s online activities. By using software such as Norton Family Premier, Circle Home Plus, and Qustodio, you can block access to certain websites, filter out inappropriate content, and keep a watchful eye on our children’s online behaviour, utilising parental control software can provide us with peace of mind, knowing our children are protected from online dangers.

Norton Family Premier

Norton Family Premier is a robust and comprehensive parental control software that stands out in the market. It offers a wide array of features that help parents monitor and manage their children’s online activities effectively.

One of the key strengths of Norton Family Premier is its web filtering technology. It allows parents to block inappropriate and harmful content, ensuring a safe online environment for their children. The software categorises websites into 48 types, which parents can allow or block according to their preferences.

Circle Home Plus

The Circle Home Plus is an impressive device that offers comprehensive parental control features, making it a valuable addition to any family’s tech line-up. Its ability to manage and monitor home internet usage is a standout feature, providing parents with peace of mind and control over their children’s online activities.

The device’s user-friendly interface is a major plus, allowing parents to easily set up and customise the controls for each family member. The ability to set time limits, filter content, and even pause the internet is incredibly useful. The bedtime feature, which automatically disconnects devices from the internet at a set time, is a great tool for ensuring a healthy digital balance.


Qustodio is a comprehensive parental control tool that offers a wide range of features to help parents monitor and manage their child’s online activity. According to a review by PCMag, Qustodio offers robust app blocking, web content filtering, and a detailed activity log. It also provides a geofencing feature called “My Places” that allows parents to set virtual boundaries and receive notifications when their child enters or leaves these areas.

One of the key strengths of Qustodio is its cross-platform support. It runs on Windows, macOS, Android, iOS, and Kindle devices, making it a versatile tool for families with multiple devices. The software also includes a Panic Button feature on Android, which allows a child to send an alert and their location to up to four trusted contacts in case of an emergency.

Encouraging safe online behaviour

Teaching our children to practice safe online behaviour is essential for their well-being. Establishing clear rules and expectations for their online conduct, discussing the potential risks of online activities, and emphasising the importance of respect and responsibility while online are effective strategies for encouraging safe online behaviour.

By instilling these values in our children, we can help them navigate the digital world with confidence and security.

You may find our blog on securing your home environment to protect you from cybercriminals useful

Building trust and open communication

A mother and a child discussing online activity with the child hiding her crossed fingers behind her back

Resources for staying safe online are invaluable for protecting our children from online groomers and abusers. By utilising websites and organisations, educational materials, and support services, we can empower our children with the knowledge and tools they need to navigate the online world safely and securely.

These resources can help children understand the risks of online interactions, recognize signs of grooming, and learn how to protect their personal information. They can also provide support and guidance for those who need help.

Creating a supportive environment

A supportive environment is essential for fostering trust and open communication between parents and children. Spending quality time with our children, actively listening to their concerns, and demonstrating that we care can help establish a nurturing atmosphere.

Understanding and patience are crucial when providing emotional support, as they allow our children to feel comfortable discussing their online experiences with us.

Encouraging conversations about online experiences

Initiating conversations about online experiences is vital for understanding the challenges our children face in the digital world. By asking open-ended questions, listening without judgement, and being supportive, we can foster a safe and comfortable atmosphere for discussing their online activities.

Staying informed about our children’s online experiences allows us to offer guidance and advice on how to remain safe online.

Teaching children to report concerns

Educating our children on how to report any potential issues is crucial for their online safety. By creating an open and supportive atmosphere, we can encourage our children to report any concerns they may have.

Ensuring that our children understand they can rely on us and that their worries will be given due consideration is essential in building trust and fostering open communication.

Resources for staying safe online

A man wirkig on a wooded desk with his laptop, along with a tablet, note pad, smart phone and coffee
Online resources can provide assurance

Websites, organisations, and educational materials are invaluable resources for staying safe online. By familiarising ourselves with these resources, we can empower our children with the knowledge and tools they need to navigate the digital world securely.

In addition, support services such as helplines and online resources can provide guidance and assistance in times of need.

Read our review on Anti-Virus solutions

Websites and organisations

Various websites and organisations, such as NSPCC, Childnet International, Internet Matters, CEOP, and UK Safer Internet Centre, can provide assistance in preserving online safety. These organisations offer guidance, resources, and support to help parents and children stay safe online.

Becoming familiar with these organisations and utilising their resources can be an invaluable asset in protecting our children from online dangers.

Educational materials

Educational materials, such as lesson plans, resources, and guidance on topics like live streaming, image sharing, and online safety curriculum materials, can help children learn about online safety. Resources like Smartie the Penguin and Digi Duck’s Big Decision provide age-appropriate content to teach children about the potential risks associated with the internet and how to stay safe online.

By incorporating these materials into our children’s education, we can equip them with valuable knowledge and skills for navigating the digital world.

Support services

Support services, such as helplines, online resources, and educational programs, can provide assistance and guidance for maintaining online safety. The NSPCC helpline, CEOP, and the UK Council for Internet Safety are examples of support services available to help parents and children navigate the complex world of online safety.

By utilising these services, we can ensure that our children have access to the support and resources they need to stay safe online.


In conclusion, protecting our children online is a multifaceted task that requires education, vigilance, and open communication. By understanding online grooming, identifying warning signs, implementing strategies for protection, and utilising available resources, we can create a safer online environment for our children and help prevent child sexual abuse.

As parents, it is our responsibility to empower our children with the knowledge and tools they need to navigate the digital world safely and securely. Together, we can build a brighter future for our children, one click at a time.

Frequently Asked Questions

What exactly is online grooming?

Online grooming is the process by which an adult befriends and establishes an emotional connection with a child, often with the intention of sexual exploitation and online sexual abuse, that includes child sexual abuse material. This process can take place on any online platform, including chat rooms, social media, and gaming communities that are popular with young people.

How can I recognise the signs of online grooming?

There can be various signs of online grooming, including your child becoming secretive about their online activities, having new items or gifts without a clear source, or spending an increasing amount of time online, particularly in private chats. These behaviors are not definitive proof but could be indicators of potential danger.

What privacy settings should I implement to keep my child safe?

The settings will depend on the platform. However, in general, it is advisable to make accounts private, disable geolocation, and use strict privacy settings that allow only known and trusted individuals to interact with your child, or a vulnerable young person.

How can I talk to my child about online safety without scaring them?

The key is to focus on empowerment and understanding. Children and young people should be made aware that not everyone online has good intentions, but with the right precautions, they can safely enjoy their online activities. It’s essential to maintain open lines of communication so that they feel comfortable reporting any uncomfortable online experiences.

What should I do if I suspect my child is being groomed online?

If you suspect online grooming, it’s essential to collect as much evidence as possible without alerting the suspected groomer. Then report your concerns to your local law enforcement agency and the platform where the suspected grooming is taking place. It’s also important to reassure your child that they’ve done nothing wrong and offer them support throughout the process.

Are certain platforms more dangerous than others?

Potential danger can exist on any platform where communication is possible. However, platforms that allow private messaging, anonymous users, or sharing of photos or videos can often present more significant risks.

How do I balance my child’s online safety with their privacy and independence?

Balancing safety and independence can be challenging. Open conversations about why safety measures are necessary can help. Also, consider allowing more freedom as your child demonstrates understanding and responsibility in their online behaviour

How to prevent online grooming?

To prevent online grooming, and online child abuse – follow these steps:

1. Educate yourself and others about online grooming tactics and warning signs.
2. Maintain open communication with children and encourage them to share their online experiences.
3. Teach children to set strong privacy settings on their social media accounts and avoid sharing personal information online.
4. Install reliable parental control software to monitor and restrict access to inappropriate websites.
5. Encourage children to report any suspicious or uncomfortable online interactions to a trusted adult.
6. Be vigilant of your child’s online activities and regularly review their browsing history and social media accounts.
7. Teach children about the importance of healthy boundaries and respectful relationships.
8. Foster a safe and supportive environment where children feel comfortable discussing online safety concerns.
9. Report any instances of online grooming to the appropriate authorities or online platforms.

What are 3 common online grooming tactics?

1. Grooming through deception: This tactic involves the groomer pretending to be someone else, such as a child or a teenager, in order to establish trust and build a relationship with the target. They may use fake profiles, photos, and information to deceive the target.

2. Emotional manipulation: Groomers often manipulate their targets emotionally by showering them with attention, praise, and gifts. They may exploit the target’s vulnerabilities and insecurities to gain their trust and control over them.

3. Exploiting trust and secrecy: Groomers often convince their targets to keep the nature of their relationship a secret from others. By doing so, they isolate the target and create an environment where the target feels dependent on the groomer. This tactic makes it difficult for the target to seek help or share their experiences with others.

Useful external References

These websites provide various types of information such as guides, tips, advice from experts, and resources for parents and educators to ensure the online safety of children.

1. NSPCC (National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children)

  • Website: NSPCC
  • Description: Provides resources and advice on how to keep children safe online, including setting up parental controls and educating children about online dangers.

2. UK Safer Internet Centre

  • Website: UK Safer Internet Centre
  • Description: Offers a wide range of resources including advice, tips, and educational materials aimed at promoting the safe and responsible use of technology for young people.

3. CEOP (Child Exploitation and Online Protection)

  • Website: CEOP
  • Description: A law enforcement agency that provides advice on online safety, as well as a reporting tool for online abuse and exploitation.

4. Internet Matters

  • Website: Internet Matters
  • Description: Offers comprehensive guides and advice to help parents keep their children safe online, including information on setting up parental controls and understanding social media risks.

5. Parent Zone

  • Website: Parent Zone
  • Description: Provides resources, advice, and support to families for navigating the digital world safely and confidently.

6. Childnet International

  • Website: Childnet
  • Description: Focuses on making the internet a safe place for children, providing educational resources, advice, and information on reporting online abuse.

7. SWGfL (South West Grid for Learning)

  • Website: SWGfL
  • Description: Provides online safety guidance, resources, and tools for educators, parents, and children to promote a safe online environment.

8. Thinkuknow

  • Website: Thinkuknow
  • Description: An education programme from CEOP, providing resources and activities to help children understand the risks associated with the internet and how to stay safe online.

9. Parents Protect!

  • Website: Parents Protect!
  • Description: Offers information and resources aimed at preventing child sexual abuse, with a section dedicated to online safety.

10. The Parent Zone

  • Website: The Parent Zone
  • Description: A platform that offers support and advice for parents to understand the digital world and keep their children safe online.

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With over three decades of experience in the heart of London’s financial sector, I have dedicated my career to the pursuit of robust cybersecurity practices and IT leadership. As a Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP), Certified Information Security Manager (CISM), Certified Chief Information Security Officer (C|CISO), Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), and Computer Hacking Forensic Investigator (CHFI), I bring a wealth of knowledge and expertise to the table.

My journey in the field of cybersecurity has not only been about personal growth but also about sharing my insights with others. As an international speaker, I have had the privilege of addressing audiences worldwide, discussing the importance of cybersecurity in today’s digital age. My passion for knowledge sharing extends to my work as an author and blogger, where I delve into the complexities of cybersecurity, offering practical advice and thought leadership.

In my role as a CISO and Head of IT, I have overseen the development and implementation of comprehensive information security and IT strategies. My focus has always been on creating resilient systems capable of withstanding the evolving landscape of cyber threats.

My Master’s degree in Cybersecurity has provided a solid academic foundation, which, when combined with my practical experience, allows me to approach cybersecurity from a holistic perspective.

I am always open to connecting with other professionals in the field, sharing knowledge, and exploring new opportunities. Let’s secure the digital world together.